Wednesday, 29 November 2017

T 1332/12 - Admission of corrected translation of prior art in opposition appeal


The opposition division decided that the subject-matter of claim 1 of the main, first, second and third auxiliary requests lacked inventive step over the disclosure of document D7 (JP 07-131734 A) and the common general knowledge of the person skilled in the art (Articles 56 and 100(a) EPC). For the analysis of inventive step, the opposition division referred to document D7T, which was a JPO machine translation of document D7 into English. The patent proprietor (appellant) filed an appeal against this decision and requested that the decision be set aside. In the statement of grounds of appeal, it requested that the patent be maintained in amended form. It submitted arguments as to why the subject-matter of claim 1 of each of the requests met the requirements of Article 56 EPC. With a letter dated 12 October 2015, the appellant submitted a different translation of document D7 (D7JPO) because "the Japanese and the original and the previously translated prior art document D7T is not precise in many aspects". In a communication under Article 15(1) RPBA, annexed to the summons to oral proceedings, the board indicated that it tended to agree with the opposition division's finding that the then second and third auxiliary requests lacked inventive step. It also indicated that it had to be discussed whether translation D7JPO should be admitted into the appeal proceedings (Article 13(1) RPBA).

Monday, 27 November 2017

T 782/16 - Can the content of a divisional be derived from an omnibus parent?


In this opposition appeal the Board had to assess if the opposed claims could be derived from the filed divisional and parent. In the Board's view, the "gold" standard for the assessment of Articles 123(2) and 76(1) EPC requires that the subject-matter of an amended claim (or of a claim of a divisional application) be based only on what the skilled person would directly and unambiguously derive from the application as originally filed (or from the earlier application; see G 2/10). For a correct application of this standard, a distinction needs to be made between subject-matter which is disclosed either implicitly or explicitly in the original (or earlier) application and therefore can be directly derived from it, and subject-matter which is the result of an intellectual process, in particular a complex one, carried out on what is disclosed. The Board concluded that the latter was the case.

Wednesday, 22 November 2017

T 2406/16 - Reestablishment when appeal fee not paid


It's another one of those nightmare scenario's. A notice of appeal is filed but the appeal fee is not paid. 
The attorney signed a notice of appeal and instructed his assistant to file the notice and pay the fee as soon as the deposit account contains enough funds. The latter requires checking with the CFO that there are enough funds in the deposit account, and can take a few days. Unfortunately, the assistent accidentally removed the due date from the system when the notice is filed. This  should not have been done until the payment was made. The board did not view this as an isolated mistake and refused to reinstate the case. 

Friday, 10 November 2017

T 2002/13 - Extension of subject matter


In this opposition appeal, the proprietor intended to limit the claim 1 as granted as follows:


A method to detect the presence or absence of an MREJ type xi methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain characterised as having within the right extremity of SCCmec the sequence of SEQ ID NOs 17, 18 or 19 the SEQ ID NO 17 comprising:
generation of SCCmec right extremity junction sequence data by
contacting a sample to be analyzed for the presence or absence of said MRSA strain, said MRSA strain including a Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SSCCmec) element containing a mecA gene inserted into chromosomal DNA, thereby generating a polymorphic right extremity junction (MREJ) type xi sequence that comprises sequences from both the SCCmec element right extremity and chromosomal DNA adjoining said right extremity, with a first primer and a second primer, wherein said first and second primers are at least 10 nucleotides in length, and wherein said first primer hybridizes with said SCCmec element right extremity of an MREJ type xi sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 17, 18 and 19 and complements thereof, and wherein said second primer hybridizes with a chromosomal sequence of S. aureus  and wherein each of said first and second primer hybridizes with said sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17 or complements thereof  to specifically generate an amplicon if such MRSA strain is present in said sample; and
detecting the presence or absence of said amplicon.

At first glance these amendments limit the claim. In particular, the board acknowledges that the definition of the second primer is narrower than its definition as granted. Nevertheless, the combination of features amount to extension of the conferred protection.


Wednesday, 1 November 2017

T 514/14 - Respondent could have reacted to the raised objections well in advance to the oral proceedings


In this opposition appeal, the parties were summoned to oral proceedings. In a communication issued in preparation therefor, the Board drew the parties' attention to some issues likely to be addressed at the oral proceedings. The Board inter alia expressed concerns regarding the clarity of claim 1 held allowable by the Opposition Division and pointed out that compliance with Article 84 EPC might also become an issue with regard to the auxiliary requests. Concerning the issue of compliance with Article 123(3) EPC, the Board drew the parties' attention to a specific paragraph of the Case Law Book. The Respondent/proprietor commented on the points addressed in the Board's communication, and defended inter alia its position submitting that the amended claims of all the already pending requests were clear (Article 84 EPC) and complied with Article 123(3) EPC. It nevertheless filed three additional sets of amended claims as auxiliary requests 4 to 7. Oral proceedings before the Board were held. The debate focused on the compliance of the pending claims with Articles 84 EPC and 123(3) EPC. During the oral proceedings, the Respondent filed a further amended set of claims as auxiliary request 1bis, to be intercalated between auxiliary requests 1 and 2. The Appellant/opponent asked not to admit auxiliary request 1bis due to its late-filing. 

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